To successfully address these four components, the course writer or instructor must write the objectives in a measurable (but not overly prescriptive) manner. The best objectives, especially for online courses, provide enough information to measure student outcomes while also offering instructors sufficient freedom to adjust assessment methods according to the student population and the instructor’s strengths. Measurable student objectives are instructional objectives , which Mager (1997, p. 3) defined as “a collection of words and/or pictures and diagrams intended to let others know what you intend for your students to achieve.” In other words, instructional objectives articulate what you consider satisfactory student performance.
The first step involves working with client managers to determine the organization's purpose for the training. This purpose should be stated in organizational terms and not in training terms. In Step 2, the organizational unit's objectives are expanded in order to clarify what it is employees will need to be able to do following the training for the organizational unit to be able to achieve its stated objectives. The behavior statements documented in Step 2 are then converted into the language of training in Step 3. Step 3 culminates in a document specifying behavior-based learning outcomes for the program. In the following Step 4, the designer determines the basic course design and delivery parameters.