Based on CNN’s report, Clarke cited his sources in the paper but did not actually delineate his references from his own words and ideas with quotation marks, which amounts to plagiarism under the school’s guidelines. The situation bears a resemblance to the plagiarism allegations against Monica Crowley, whose respective review is still ongoing. Among the sources which Clarke plagiarized from are multiple ACLU reports, the 9/11 Commission Report, the Pew Research Center, a Washington Post report, and many other sources. The paper has been removed from the Naval Postgraduate School’s website as per standard procedure.
In 2000 renewed pressure was put on Oxbridge MAs in the UK Parliament, with Labour MP Jackie Lawrence introducing an early day motion calling for them to be scrapped and telling the Times Higher Education it was a "discriminatory practice" and that it "devalues and undermines the efforts of students at other universities".   The following month the Quality Assurance Agency announced the results of a survey of 150 major employers showing nearly two thirds mistakenly thought the Cambridge MA was a postgraduate qualification and just over half made the same error regarding the Edinburgh MA, with QAA chief executive John Randall calling the Oxbridge MA "misleading and anachronistic".