If air traffic controllers believed Flight 11 had been hijacked at 8:13, NORAD should have been informed immediately, so military planes could be scrambled to investigate. However, NORAD and the FAA both claimed NORAD was not informed until 8:40—27 minutes later. [ NORAD, 9/18/01 , AP, 8/12/02 , AP, 8/19/02 , Newsday, 9/10/02 ; one NORAD employee said it took place at 8:31, ABC News, 9/11/02 ] Indeed, before contacting NORAD, Boston air traffic controllers watched Flight 11 make an unexpected 100-degree turn and head south toward New York City [ Christian Science Monitor, 9/13/01 ], told other controllers of the hijacking at 8:25 [ Guardian, 10/17/01 ], continued to hear highly suspicious dialogue from the cockpit (such as, “Nobody move, please, we are going back to the airport. Don’t try to make any stupid moves” ) [ Guardian, 10/17/01 , New York Times, 10/16/01 ], and even asked the pilots of Flight 175 to scan the skies for the errant plane. [ Guardian, 10/17/01 , Boston Globe, 11/23/01 ]
For a long time, longer than anyone in the newspaper business has been alive in fact, print journalism has been intertwined with these economics. The expense of printing created an environment where Wal-Mart was willing to subsidize the Baghdad bureau. This wasn’t because of any deep link between advertising and reporting, nor was it about any real desire on the part of Wal-Mart to have their marketing budget go to international correspondents. It was just an accident. Advertisers had little choice other than to have their money used that way, since they didn’t really have any other vehicle for display ads.
Proposal essays are similar in style to a problem-solution essay. The idea behind a proposal essay is that the writer looks at a modern problem and proposes a solution for it. In order to write a good proposal essay, you need to have a topic that you can believe in and an understanding of the particular essay-writing style. Proposal essays are the ultimate in persuasive style writing because you are truly writing to get the reader to accept your proposal and work to solve the problem. Here are a few timely topics to get you thinking about interesting solutions: