1. Russian political parties emerged from the shadows after censorship laws were relaxed in 1905.
2. The SRs sought land reform and changes to agrarian policy, a position that made them popular with peasants.
3. The large size of their party, however, invited differences of opinion, divisions and factionalism.
4. The Kadets were the largest liberal-democratic party, favouring a British-style constitutional system.
5. The Octobrists were moderates and conservatives who were loyal to tsarism and supportive of the changes outlined in the October Manifesto.
In Conclusion, Political parties are a very important aspect of modern governance and democracy. Parties operate under the law of the land, their own set of rules and by virtue of being electoral vehicles; they also operate under electoral process regulations. In this way Duverger’s law explains the relationship between electoral processes and systems and political parties and systems. The idea therefore is for parties to come up with strategies to influence voting patterns by taking into account the dynamics of the interrelationships.
In conclusion it is possible to say that for one and a half of century of its existence, the women’s movement has become a noticeable phenomenon in social life, has accumulated much experience in reducing discrimination against women, improved their social status. Thus, if we compare the lives of modern women to women of previous centuries, we will see that women today live much better, their conditions of life do not go to any comparison with conditions in which our ancestors had to live. Women in our time have the unprecedented freedom and great opportunities. Consequently, there is no reason to ensure that women did not experience happiness in our time! History shows us through what pain and suffering were going women before us, and many of them fought to gain the freedom that we have today. Some have even sacrificed their lives for us, and that is why women of the XXI century must always remember what a high price was paid to get a chance for woman to live a happy life today.