Declarative essays

The difference between the two kind of knowledge is that the former is a conscious knowledge which is achieved during an effortful process, such as ‘definitions of words', or ‘conventions of punctuation', but the latter is a kind of unconscious knowledge which is achieved without any effort and automatically ,for example ‘using correct punctuation habitually'. They continue that since learning strategies in definition are conscious, procedural knowledge in this sense is considered as a ‘process'. Chamot and O'Malley (1987,1994b,1996) created the ‘Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach' (CALLA) in order to change declarative knowledge into procedural by teaching, practicing and evaluating the declarative knowledge of strategies. CALLA is used widely as a well-known model for L2 ‘strategic self-regulation'.

Declarative essays

declarative essays

Media:

declarative essaysdeclarative essaysdeclarative essaysdeclarative essays