Boyer and nissenbaum thesis

Demos asserts that the violent fits displayed, often aimed at figures of authority, were attributed to bewitchment because it allowed the afflicted youth to project their repressed aggression and not be directly held responsible for their behaviors because they were coerced by the Devil. Therefore, aggression experienced because of witchcraft became an outlet and the violent fits and the physical attacks endured, inside and outside the courtroom, were examples of how each girl was undergoing the psychological process of projection. [19]

There is no scholarly agreement as to how many people were really accused during the Salem outbreak. For example, some people who were named as witches during examinations may not have been formally charged. This data set excludes those who were only named. On the other hand, some of the accused who were jailed but for whom no complaint or examination exists have been included on the assumption that they were jailed as a result of legal proceedings. One case, Martha Sparks of Chelmsford, is included though she was accused sometime in the fall of 1691, preceding by months the first appearance of the outbreak in Salem Village. Since she was retained in jail throughout 1692, her case became sufficiently entangled with the Salem episode to appear in the data set.

Boyer and nissenbaum thesis

boyer and nissenbaum thesis

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